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What is the International Registration Plan (IRP)?

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If you’re starting your own trucking company, you’re probably overwhelmed and a little confused with the registration and licensing processes, including the International Registration Plan (IRP). Let us explain what it is and how you can register, so you can start hauling faster.

What is the IRP in Trucking?

The International Registration Plan (IRP) is a state filing that allows your truck to travel between the United States, Washington D.C., and Canadian provinces. If you’re going to be hauling freight in any of these jurisdictions and meet other vehicle requirements, you’ll need to get IRP apportioned license plates and a cab card.

What Is a Cab Card for Truckers?

A cab card is the official document issued by your home jurisdiction that shows which jurisdictions the truck is legally allowed to travel and move goods in. Cab cards list specific details about each truck and cannot be transferred between vehicles.

The IRP Registration Process

You’ll need to contact your home jurisdiction or where you have an “Established Place of Business” to register your vehicle and receive your company’s apportioned plates and cab card. Whatever state you formed your trucking company in is most likely your home jurisdiction. Next, find your state’s contact information in the IRP Directory and contact them for specific information and requirements to continue your registration. Each state has different requirements, but most states require what is listed below.

Documents Needed for Registration:

  • Your state’s completed IRP application
  • Proof of residency or established place of business (such as copies of your utility bills or property tax bill)
  • Proof of current insurance showing limits of liability coverage
  • USDOT Number
  • Federal Tax Identification Number
  • Proof of paid UCR fees
  • Copy of lease agreement (if you are leasing onto another carrier)
  • Copy of filed Form 2290 (Heavy Highway Vehicle Use Tax Form)
  • Current registration (if you are renewing)

When Do I Renew My IRP Registration?

IRP renewal depends on what state you’re registered in, as well as when you initially registered. You’ll find your plate’s expiration date on your cab card, and it’s up to you to make sure your IRP stays current. As part of your renewal, you’ll also need to keep track of the miles you travel in each jurisdiction because your previous year’s mileage in each state determines your fees. Be sure to keep all activity, fuel purchases and state mileage records for every truck annually. The reporting period runs July 1 to June 30 of the following year.

How Much Does IRP Registration Cost?

IRP fees depend on what state you’re registered in, what states you’re hauling in, what equipment you’re registering, and how many vehicles you’re registering. Fees can vary widely, so check for some examples.

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